Terminating and cancelling a rental agreement are two different things.
In a termination, the rental agreement does not end until the term of notice ends. In contrast, cancelling a rental agreement ends the rental agreement and the rent payment obligation immediately once the tenant has been notified of the cancellation.
The tenant terminates the rental agreement
You should terminate the rental agreement immediately once your moving day to another apartment has been confirmed. The period of notice for a rental agreement valid until further notice is one month, starting from the last day of the month during which the notice of termination is submitted.
Example: the rental agreement is terminated on 15 March, the period of notice starts on the last day of March and the rental agreement ends on 30 April.
A fixed-term rental agreement cannot be terminated; instead, it ends once the period specified in the agreement ends.
The tenant is also responsible for paying rent during the period of notice.
A termination must always be made in writing. The most convenient way to take care of it is by using the termination form found by clicking the link below.
Make sure that you receive acknowledgement of receipt from the regional office for your notice of termination.
Heka terminates the rental agreement
The lessor may, for a justified and acceptable reason, terminate a rental agreement that is valid until further notice. Heka terminates the agreement in writing. The notice period is
- three months when the tenancy has lasted less than a year
- six months when the tenancy has lasted over a year.
The tenant cancels the rental agreement
The tenant has the right to cancel the rental agreement
- if they do not gain control of the apartment on the date agreed upon and this causes substantial inconvenience to the tenant
- if the apartment is not in the condition agreed upon at the start of the tenancy
- if use of the apartment poses a clear health hazard
- if the tenant has lost control of the apartment or a part of it.
The cancellation of the rental agreement must be made in writing with a notice of cancellation. The notice must identify the grounds for and the date of the agreement’s cancellation if the tenant wishes to cancel the agreement on a date other than immediately upon the lessor being notified of the notice of cancellation. The rental agreement ends immediately, without a period of notice, when the lessor has received the notice of cancellation.
The notice of cancellation must be submitted in a verifiable manner. The options are using a notice of cancellation signed by the lessor, a Posti letter with advice of delivery or a bailiff. The obligation to pay rent ends immediately when the rental agreement is cancelled.
Heka cancels the rental agreement
The lessor has the right to cancel the rental agreement
- if the tenant fails to pay rent within the given time
- if the tenant has subleased the apartment or transferred the lease without the lessor’s permission
- if the apartment is used for a purpose other than the one agreed upon, such as for business, and this usage continues despite a warning being issued
- if the tenant or their guests lead a disruptive lifestyle in the apartment. The rental agreement can only be cancelled after a written warning has been issued to the tenant and if the disruptive lifestyle has continued despite it
- if the tenant takes poor care of the apartment, such as violating fire safety provisions, or if the tenant’s lifestyle causes a significant hygiene problem, for example
- if the tenant violates the regulations on health or the maintenance of order and fails to change their behaviour despite receiving a warning.
The lessor does not have to issue a warning in the case of failure to pay rent, unauthorised relinquishment of the apartment or unauthorised transfer of the lease. The written notice of cancellation must be submitted in a verifiable manner. The options are using a notice of cancellation signed by the lessor, a Posti letter with advice of delivery or a bailiff. The obligation to pay rent ends immediately when the notice of cancellation is made known to the tenant. If the lessor demands that the tenancy be cancelled in court on account of unpaid rent, for example, the summons to court suffice as a notice of cancellation.